Nation-, State- und Capacity-building: Modernisierungstendenzen im postmodernen Kontext
During the post-Cold War period, international state-building missions spread the idea that certain parts of the world need to be ‘modernized’ and equipped with modern state capacity. This narrative promotes the assumption that the affected countries had previously remained in a pre-modern, ‘pre-state’ state of development. Resulting policies can be criticised as a neo-imperialist practice, but they can also be understood as a more or less peaceful attempt to bridge the gap between the diverging regions of a globalised world. Unfortunately, however, the peace, did not last. The global ‘war on terror’ is a logical consequence of the fact that state-building could not be successful in most cases.
In a more general view, this diagnosis leads to the puzzle of why state and nation-building have been successful in the West in the first place.